Varak Ketsemanian is a Post-Graduate Research Associate/Lecturer at the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University where he received his PhD. Ketsemanian has also served as a lecturer at the American University of Armenia. His publications have appeared in the Journal of Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association and the International Journal of Middle East Studies, along with many chapters in edited volumes. His edited book (with Emre Can Dağlıoğlu) Memoirs of Boghos Shadig (1874–1951): A Revolutionary from Baku to Marseille is forthcoming with Michigan State University Press. Ketsemanian is currently working on a book project provisionally titled Constitutionalists and Revolutionaries: Armenian Communal Governance in the Late Ottoman Empire on which this talk is based.