Between Reason and Revelation: Twin Wisdoms Reconciled: An Annotated English Translation of Nāṣir-i Khusraw's Kitāb-i Jāmiʻ al-Ḥikmatayn

Publication Year



Translated by Eric L. Ormsby, Ph.D. 1981

This is the first English translation of the final philosophical work of the great eleventh-century Ismaili thinker, poet, and Fatimid emissary, Nāṣir-i Khusraw. Appointed from Cairo by command of the Fatimid Imam-caliph al-Mustansir to serve first as a dā'ī, and then as the hujjat, for the entire region of Khurāsān, he maintained his allegiance both to his mission and his Imam-caliph for the rest of his life, even when threatened and driven into exile. Written during his exile in Badakhshān in the year 1070, Nāṣir-i Khusraw here develops a powerful presentation of both Aristotelian philosophy and Ismaili exegesis, or ta'wīl, and strives to show that they are ultimately in harmony. The work is presented as a learned commentary on a long philosophical poem, written in the previous century and sent to Nāṣir by the amīr of Badakhshān, 'Alī b. al-Asad, who copied the poem out in his own hand from memory and asked the poet-philosopher to explicate it. In doing so, Nāṣir ranges over a huge span of topics from logic and language to the nature of the physical world, from the spheres of the highest heavens to the plants and animals of the earthly realm, and, most importantly, hidden spiritual realities: the esoteric (bātin) as well as the exoteric (zāhir) realms. He thus discusses the nature of God, the creation of human beings, and the mysteries concealed in the physical world, itself a reflection of a higher, transcendent realm.
Between Reason and Revelation: Twin Wisdoms Reconciled is an annotated translation of the Persian text prepared by Henry Corbin and Mohammed Mu'īn based on the single surviving manuscript of the work, now in the Süleymaniye Mosque Library in Istanbul. It is a work of great philosophical and spiritual insight, which is also a pioneering attempt to tackle difficult intellectual problems in the Persian language; it is at once lucid and lyrical, precise and speculative. Nāṣir 's influence has been immense as both a poet and a thinker, and the Kitāb-i Jāmiʻ al-Ḥikmatayn is his crowning work.

Series Title
Ismaili Texts and Translations Series (Institute of Ismaili Studies)
Series Volume
I.B. Tauris in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies
London and New York