Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World: From Constantinople to Baghdad, 500–1000 CE

Publication Year



Co-editor Petra M. Sijpesteijn, Ph.D. 2004.

During the period 500–1000 CE Egypt was successively part of the Byzantine, Persian and Islamic empires. All kinds of events, developments and processes occurred that would greatly affect its history and that of the eastern Mediterranean in general. This is the first volume to map Egypt's position in the Mediterranean during this period. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines, the individual chapters detail its connections with imperial and scholarly centres, its role in cross-regional trade networks, and its participation in Mediterranean and Near Eastern cultural developments, including their impact on its own literary and material production. With unparalleled detail, the book tracks the mechanisms and structures through which Egypt connected politically, economically and culturally to the world surrounding it.

Table of Contents

Introduction Jelle Bruning, Janneke H. M. de Jong and Petra M. Sijpesteijn
Part 1. Political and Administrative Connections:
1. Egypt in the age of Justinian: connector or disconnector? Peter Sarris
2. At the crossroads of regional settings: Egypt, 500–1000 CE Yaacov Lev
3. The frontier zone at the first cataract before and at the time of the Muslim conquest (fifth to seventh centuries) Stefanie Schmidt
4. Islamic historiography on early Muslim relations with Nubia Sylvie Denoix
5. Local tradition and imperial legal policy under the Umayyads: the evolution of the early Egyptian school of law Mathieu Tillier
6. Ibn Ṭūlūn's pacification campaign: sedition, authority and empire in Abbasid Egypt Matthew S. Gordon
Part 2. Economic Connections:
7. Between Ramla and Fusṭāṭ: Archaeological evidence for Egyptian contacts with early Islamic Palestine (eighth-eleventh centuries) Gideon Avni
8. Egypt's connections in the early Caliphate: political, economic and cultural Petra M. Sijpesteijn
9. Trading activities in the Eastern Mediterranean through ceramics between late antiquity and fatimid times (ca. seventh-tenth/eleventh centuries) Joanita Vroom
Part 3. Social and Cultural Connections:
10. The destruction of Alexandria: religious imagery and local identity in early Islamic Egypt Jelle Bruning
11. Scribal networks, taxation and the role of coptic in Marwanid Egypt Jennifer Cromwell
12. A changing position of Greek? Greek papyri in the documentary culture of early Islamic Egypt Janneke H. M. de Jong
13. Regional diversity in the use of administrative loanwords in early Islamic Arabic documentary sources (632–800 CE): a preliminary survey Eugenio Garosi
14. Babylon/Qaṣr al-Shamʿ: continuity and change at the heart of the new metropolis of Fusṭāṭ Peter Sheehan and Alison L. Gascoigne
15. Utilizing non-Muslim literary sources for the study of Egypt, 500–1000 CE Maged

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