İslam ve Demokrasi: Müslüman Kardeşler ve Milli Görüş Hareketlerinde Demokrasi Pratiği

Publication Year



Onur Yıldırım, Ph.D. 2002.

This book deals with the Islam-democracy relationship in a historical perspective, theoretically, conceptually and practically. The fact that the countries where Muslims live in the majority, or in more general terms the Islamic world, began to be under the deep influence of the Western world in every aspect in the 19th century, brought the first discussions about the relationship between Islam and democracy to the agenda. Since this century witnessed the helplessness of the Islamic world in the face of the military power of the West, Muslim intellectuals began to investigate the factors on which the superiority of the West was based. The Westernization/modernization demanded for the military field has revealed the understanding that the administrative, bureaucratic and political fields should also be modernized over time. However, in order to realize modernization moves, in other words, to resist the West, religious elements that pose an obstacle to modernization must be identified and these must be reformed because it was unthinkable to reform the political field without reforming the religious field. At this point, the dominant understanding is that authentic Islam is neither against political modernization nor against democracy (which became a slogan by Muslims who defend democratic politics in the next century), but that the practices that emerged in the historical process and are based on Islam constitute an obstacle to modernization and democracy. has become. Concepts that shape the Islam-democracy relationship have emerged through the ontological bond established between the discourse of religious reform and the discourse of political reform/modernization. Muslim thinkers who embrace democratic politics argue that democracy is not a phenomenon specific to the West and that Hz. They thought that political actions taken as examples of the political practices of the Prophet and the first four caliphs and adhering to the values ​​of authentic Islam were compatible with democracy. This understanding, in a sense, has become a school and continues its effort to establish a positive relationship between Islam and democracy, the only legitimate form of government in the modern world.


Çankaya, Ankara