|Title||Islam Assembled: The Advent of the Muslim Congresses|
|Year of Publication||1986|
|Publisher||Columbia University Press|
Martin S. Kramer, Ph.D. 1982
Late in the 19th century, Muslims, separated by distance, language, and history, first thought to make their world whole by assembling in congress. "Islam Assembled" traces the roots of political activism in Islam as it took form in these gatherings. From the first fitful initiatives undertaken by a handful of Muslim cosmopolitans to the era when the West began to divest itself of its Muslim possessions and the need for the congresses diminished, "Islam Assembled" traces in detail this crucial but previously untold story.